Lumière Brothers: Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (1862, Besançon, France – 1954,
Lyon, France) and Louis Jean (1864, Besançon – 1948, Bandol, France) were among
the first filmmakers. They patented an improved cinematograph, which allowed
simultaneous viewing by multiple parties. The first screening of their works took place in
Paris, at the Society for the Development of the National Industry on 22 March 1895.
The first paid public screening was on 26 December 1895, at Salon Indien du Grand
Café in Paris. This history-making presentation featured 10 short films, including their
first film, Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory.